The propagation of palatable and improved grasses, legumes and fodder crops for the consumption of grazing animals.
It can come in the following forms:
A foreign-assisted project, sometimes referred to as Official Development Assistance (ODA) project, is a project partly or wholly funded from foreign sources either through soft loans or grants (financial or in-kind), or a combination thereof, on the basis of a loan or grant agreement, Memorandum of Understanding, Note Verbale, or similar contracts/ instruments entered into by the Government of the Philippines (GOP) with a foreign financing or donor institution or country.
Land with an area of more than 0.5 hectare and tree crown cover (or equivalent stocking level) of more than 10%. The trees should be able to reach a minimum height of 5 meters at maturity in situ. It consist either of closed forest formations where trees of various storeys and undergrowth cover a high proportion of the ground or open formations with a continuous vegetation cover in which tree crown cover exceeds 10%. Young natural stands and all plantations established for forestry purposes, which have yet to reach a crown density of more than 10% or tree height of 5 meters are included under forest.
|forest biological diversity|
Levies imposed by the government on naturally-growing timber and other forest products cut or harvested by the licenses and from plantations established by compliance with Timber License Agreement (TLA) reforestation obligations. The rate of which is provided under Section 70, 71 and 72 of R.A. 716, otherwise known as the Forest Charges Law.
Changes within the forest, whether natural or human-induced, that negatively affect the structure of function of the stand or site, and thereby lower the capacity to supply products or services resulting to a degraded forest.
Any relatively discrete event in time that disrupts ecosystem, community or population structure and changes resources, substrate availability, of the physical environment.
A dynamic complex of plant, animal and microorganism communities and their abiotic environment interacting as a functional unit, where trees are a key component of the system. Humans, with their cultural, economic and environmental needs are integrated.
(1) Break up of a forest landscape by various forest and non-forest uses.
Changes within the forest, which positively affect the structure or function of the stand or site, and thereby increase the capacity to supply products and services.
All the modifying effects of forest cover on the environment, particularly on water supplies, soil, and microclimate.