A separation of the wood parallel to the fiber direction, due to the tearing of wood cells.
A discoloration in wood that may be caused by such diverse agents such as microorganisms, metal or chemicals. The term also applies to materials used to impart color to wood.
A planting stock raised or produced through macropropagation technique such as cutting, layering and marcotting.
A portion of rainfall that is intercepted by vegetation through leaves, branches, and stems and subsequently flows down to the ground.
|strict nature reserve||
An area possessing some outstanding ecosystem, features, and species of flora and fauna of national scientific importance that should be maintained to protect and to preserve nature in its undisturbed state and to preserve nature in its undisturbed state and to preserve ecologically representative examples of the natural environment to ensure their availability for scientific study, environmental to ensure their availability for scientific study, environmental monitoring, education, and for the for the maintenance of genetic resources in a dynamic and evolutionary state.
|strict protection zone|
(1) The economic value of a standing tree, equivalent to the amount concessionaires earn when a log is sold to the sawmill or the exporter, less the cost of logging. It is used as the net-price valuation in environmental accounting.
The process of estimating the value of standing timber for revenue assessment, tax collection and as guide for buying and selling timber.
A portion of runoff water that flows on the ground surface.
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
|sustainable forest management||
The process of managing a forest to achieve one or more clearly specified objectives of management with regard to production of a continuous flow of desired forest products and services without undue reduction of its inherent values and future productivity and without undesirable effects on the physical and social environment.