A forest dominated by at least 50% Dipterocarp species.
A portion of runoff water intended for domestic and industrial uses.
Trees with crowns extending above the general level of the crown cover and receiving full light from above and from the sides: larger that the average trees in the stand with crowns well-developed.
The horizontal projection of area from which a lake or stream receives surface water originating as precipitation.
Lumber that is surfaced by a palming machine on one side (S1S), two sides (S2S), one edge (S1E), two edges (S2E), or any combination of sides and edges (S1S1E, S2S1E, S1S2E, or S4S).
Permanence or resistance to deterioration or breakage.
Geographic-based instruments for planners and decision-makers that presents an evaluation of the environmental quality and carrying capacity of an area.
The gradual change on the species structure and composition of an ecological community over time.
An intervention designed to influence the behavior of those who highly regard the natural environment, utilize it or cause adverse impacts as a side effect of their activities, e.g. user's fee, forest charges, performance bonds, user's right, etc.
A dynamic complex of plants, animal and micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit.
Overall quality of an ecosystem asset, in terms of its characteristics such as extent, conguration, landscape forms, and climate and associated seasonal patterns.
The decline in an ecosystem asset over an accounting period due to economic and other human activity. It is generally reflected in declines in ecosystem condition or declines in expected ecosystem service flows.
The capacity of natural system to recover from disturbance.
The multitude of material and nonmaterial provisions and benefits from healthy ecosystems necessary for human sustenance, well-being, and survival including support processes, provisioning and environment regulating services, and cultural resource preservation services.