|Certificate of Ancestral Lands Title|
|Certificate of Stewardship||
An agreement entered into by and between the government and individuals or families actually occupying or tilling portions of the forestlands covered by community based forest management agreement.
A separation of the wood along the fiber direction that usually extends across the rings of annual growth and commonly resulting from stresses set up in wood during drying.
A small fragment of wood chopped or broken by cuts by a planer, chipper, mechanical hog, or hammer mill.
The positive influence of forest on the climate change.
A condition attributed directly or indirect to human activity that alters the composition of global atmosphere and which is, in addition to natural climate variability, observed over comparable time periods.
The totality of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and geosphere and their interactions.
Variations in the mean state and other statistics (such as standard deviation, the occurrence of extremes, etc.) of the climate on all temporal and spatial scales beyond that of individual weather events. Variability may be due to natural internal process within the climate system (internal variability), or to variations in natural or anthropogenic external forces (external variability).
The final stage of successional development on a forest site under specific climatic and other environmental conditions, leading to a more or less stable equilibrium underlying only minor changes in species composition.
|closed broadleaved plantation forest||
Forest plantation where the crown cover is greater or equal to 70% of the area.
Where the trees in various storeys and the undergrowth cover a high proportion (>40 percent) of the ground and do have a continuous dense grass layer. They are either managed or unmanaged forests, primary or in an advances state of reconstruction and may have been logged over one more or more times, having kept the characteristics of forest stands, possibly with modied structure and composition. Typical examples of tropical closed forest formations include tropical rainforest and mangrove forest.
Trees with crowns forming the general level of crown cover and receiving full light from above but comparatively little from sides.
An agreement entered into by and between a qualified person's and the government for the former to develop, utilized and manage consistent with the principle of sustainable development, a specified portion of the forestland.